The overall task of the English-language course is to provide students with the opportunity to get acquainted with national and international science scene and develop skills needed to plan and conduct independent research. In frames of the course, concepts of science institutional development, classification of science (e.g., fundamental and applied sciences), science policy and science funding and evaluation will be introduced with emphasis on Estonian and European Union science space. The course further analyses science career models (permanent and temporal positions, tenure) and describes various steps along the research career, specifically focusing on PhD studies (independence, rights and obligations of doctorate and supervisor). Students are introduced to basic principles of scientific work, science methods and general requirements of any scientific study. Planning of hypothesis-driven scientific projects and individual experiments is discussed and the structure of scientific articles and PhD theses and guidelines for the preparation of scientific results for publication are analyzed. During the course, students learn to critically read and review scientific articles and reports.


Keywords: Science institutional development. Basic and applied sciences. Science policy, funding and evaluation. Science careers. Planning PhD thesis. Relationships between research doctorate and supervisor. Applying for science grants. Key principles of scientific research and methods. Critical reading of scientific publications. Preparation of scientific presentation. Requirements on scientific work and steps for preparation of scientific projects. Basics of and reasons for experimental planning. Literature survey and analysis. Structure of scientific article and PhD thesis, formatting guidelines. Patents. Science ethics and misconduct.